Introducing the Villages
Area: 4.5173 square kilometers
Households: About 566
Population: About 1419 individuals
Village Chief: Shu-chou Cai
Village Officer: Sie Lai-fa
Village Office Address: No. 48-2, Gangziwei, Gangwei Village, Madou District, Tainan City
Village Office Telephone: 06-5704678
Introduction and history:
Gangwei Village is located at the northwestern corner of Madou District. It is bordered by Syuejia District at the North and Jiali District at the south. Gangwei Village used to be a coastal fishing village back in the early days and bore another name of Haigang Zhi Wei (at the end of the seaport), giving rise to the name of Gangzaiwei. Most villagers are involved in agriculture and aquaculture. Fields are used for growing paddy and grains, while fishing ponds are used for rearing tilapia and ducks.
The area of jurisdiction of Gangwei Village includes the five hamlets of Gangzaiwei, Yinghou, Kezailiao, Xiebangliao, and Xingchenliao. Most residents of Yinghouzhuang were members of the Chen clan. The area had no village temple, but there is a Fude Zhengshen (God of Fortune and Virtues) in the area. Members of the Chen, Ke, Sun, Hong, Wu, and Huang clans would take turns to worship this god. However, as the various families and clans dwindled or emigrated, the god had to make do with a simple village shrine. At its height, the hamlet had 300 households. Less than 10 household have remained in this area today.
Kezailiao is a Hakka settlement, which was first settled by the Hakka migrating from Guangdong. The settlers had tried to create an irrigation channel to water their fields, but the surrounding settlements were opposed to this as the act may disrupt local geography. The Hakka settlers were thus forced to move out or intermarry with the neighboring Qiu, Zhong, and Yu clans. Taizi Gong (Temple of the Prince) served as the hamlet temple and is devoted to the worship of Zhongtan Yuanshuai (Marshal Nezha of the Central Altar) who acted as the guardian of the entire village. Disagreements over temple affairs led to armed clashes between the Qiu and Zhuang clans, forcing members of the Zhuang clan to move to Gangzaiweizhuang instead.
The old Gangzaiwei Zhuang would be the modern day Xingchenliao Zhuang, while the modern day Gangzaiwei Zhuang would be a settlement at the periphery of the old Xingchenliao Zhuang. Gangzaiwei Zhuang is situated in the heart of the 5 hamlets. Gang Wei Elementary School and Gangwei Village Community Activity Center are both built here. The hamlet temple Chaoyinsi (Temple of the Tidal Rhythms) serves as the seat to Nanhai Fozu (Buddha of the Southern Seas). The deity had shown many miracles and blessings for the entire hamlet. Most of the villagers are members of the Zhuang clan, followed by the Huang, Lai, Zheng, Lu, and Wang.
Xingchenliao Zhuang (hamlet of the Chen clan), on the other hand, is entirely populated by members of the Chen clan and a few members of other clans. Many of these may be descendants of men who have married into the Chen clan. Bao'an Gong is the hamlet temple, serving as the seat of Baosheng Dadi (Life Protection Emperor) who acts as the hamlet guardian.
Xiebangliao Zhuang (hamlet of the Xie clan) is entirely populated by the Xie clan. The settlers have surrounded this hamlet with a bamboo palisade, giving rise to the other name of Zhuweizai (hamlet surrounded by bamboo). Xiezheng Gong (Xiezheng Temple) is the village temple and serves as the seat for High Marshal Xie Shi, a famous general from the Eastern Jin dynasty. Prince Xie of a Thousand Years would serve as the guardian of the hamlet.
Public cemetery and columbarium of Madou is located at the northwestern corner of this Village.